Sexual Dysfunction

Women's Healthcare Group -  - Obstetrics

Women's Healthcare Group

Obstetrics & Gynecology located in York, PA

About 43% of women experience some form of sexual dysfunction in their lives, according to the Cleveland Clinic. The dedicated team of expert OB/GYNs at Women’s Healthcare Group in York, Pennsylvania, are available to help pinpoint the cause of your sexual dysfunction and determine the right solution for you. Call or book an appointment online today to learn more.

Sexual Dysfunction Q & A

What is Sexual Dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction is, by definition, problems with arousal, desire, or orgasm during sex. While it affects men and women alike, most physicians agree that it is easier to determine the cause of sexual dysfunction in men than it is in women.

A topic that many women are embarrassed to discuss, sexual dysfunction can put a strain on relationships, but the sooner you talk to your doctor at Women’s Healthcare Group about your symptoms, the easier it is to treat.

Why Do I Have Sexual Dysfunction Problems?

Sexual dysfunction in women can stem from a wide variety of issues, and it sometimes takes a few extra steps to diagnose. You can experience sexual dysfunction and a low libido due to:

  • Getting older
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Relationship problems
  • Illness, including depression
  • Past negative sexual experiences
  • Hormonal changes related to perimenopause and menopause


It’s important to openly discuss your symptoms with your clinician at Women’s Healthcare Group, so they can better pinpoint why you have sexual dysfunction and help you find the best resolution.

What are the Most Common Symptoms of Sexual Dysfunction?

The symptoms you experience when you have sexual dysfunction depend on the cause. In general, sexual problems fall into four main groups:

  1. Arousal Problems: Arousal problems in women can be either physical or emotional (or both). Medications, alcohol, smoking, drug use, past medical conditions, and even stress and anxiety can all impact your arousal. You may even struggle with arousal problems if you previously had negative sexual experiences.
  2. Desire Problems: Struggling with a lack of sexual desire is not as black and white as it sounds. Lack of sexual desire means that you don’t want to engage in any type of sexual activity, including masturbation, or that you don’t have any (or have very few) sexual thoughts. If you suddenly feel like your libido has plummeted, you may also be suffering from a medical issue, such as depression, diabetes, or high blood pressure.  
  3. Sexual Pain Disorder: Pain during sex (dyspareunia) can be attributed to a medical problem like endometriosis, ovarian cysts, vaginismus, or vulvodynia, to name a few. Hormonal changes, such as low estrogen levels, can cause vaginal dryness, further making sex uncomfortable and unenjoyable. These hormonal changes often occur during pregnancy, after childbirth, and during menopause.
  4. Orgasmic Issues: Trouble reaching orgasm can feel incredibly frustrating for many women. If your doctor determines that hormonal changes are not to blame, you may be struggling to achieve orgasm due to anxiety, certain medications, lack of foreplay, or chronic diseases. Sometimes, women who have orgasmic disorders may have never had an orgasm from sexual encounters. You might even find that the intensity or frequency of your orgasms has diminished, which sometimes occurs as you get older. Other times, orgasmic disorder stems from poor body image or a fear of losing control. Some women struggle to reach orgasm because they don’t trust their partner, or because they also have arousal problems.


Do I Have Treatment Options for Sexual Dysfunction?

Yes. Because there are a variety of reasons you could be experiencing sexual dysfunction, it’s important to be open and honest with your OB/GYN at Women’s Healthcare Group about any concerns you have. Some of the most common and effective solutions for female sexual dysfunction include:

  • Using a lubricant during sex
  • Engaging in more foreplay before sex
  • Trying sexual toys
  • Limiting your alcohol intake
  • Opting for hormonal estrogen therapy
  • Learning pelvic floor (Kegel) exercises
  • Emptying your bladder before sex


Your OB/GYN at Women’s Healthcare Group may perform a comprehensive exam, including a pelvic exam, to diagnose or rule out any health problems that may be triggering your sexual dysfunction. Getting to the root of female sexual dysfunction and treating your condition can be complex. Rest assured though, the caring team at Women’s Healthcare Group can help you. Call or book an appointment online today for more information.