Ovarian cysts are very common but unlikely to cause problems. However, about 8% of women in the United States develop large ovarian cysts that require treatment. The experts at Women’s Healthcare Group in York, Pennsylvania, can determine the best course of action for your ovarian cyst, so it doesn’t affect your gynecological health. For an appointment, call the office today or make a request online.
An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that develops in or on your ovaries. They’re very common, and in most cases, you may not even know you have one. You can develop ovarian cysts during your childbearing years or menopause.
Most ovarian cysts are benign, or noncancerous, and there are several different types, including:
Most ovarian cysts, especially those small in size, don’t cause symptoms and may be found incidentally during a routine pelvic exam or imaging test for another reason.
Common symptoms that may indicate a cyst include:
In some cases, an ovarian cyst can twist and cause you to experience pain on one side that comes and goes. If your cyst ruptures, you may experience severe, sudden pain.
If you’re experiencing these symptoms, the OB/GYN experts at Women’s Healthcare Group can determine if you have a cyst.
If your health care specialist at Women’s Healthcare Group suspects you have an ovarian cyst, you may need special testing. The testing used to diagnose an ovarian cyst includes:
After testing, your specialist develops a treatment plan to manage your ovarian cyst.
Treatment for an ovarian cyst varies and depends on the size and type of cyst, your age, whether you want to have children, family history of ovarian or breast cancer, and your symptoms. Because most ovarian cysts resolve on their own, your specialist at Women’s Healthcare Group may suggest monitoring your cyst with repeat ultrasounds and taking action if it grows or your symptoms worsen.
If your cyst is large, causes extreme pain, or looks unusual, your OB/GYN may recommend surgery. Your specialist may be able to remove only the cyst, referred to as an ovarian cystectomy, or your ovary with the cyst, referred to as oophorectomy.
If your cyst is benign, your specialist uses a minimally invasive procedure to remove the cyst with a small instrument called a laparoscope. If your cyst is too large or cancer is suspected, you may need open surgery in which an incision is made in your lower abdomen for removal.
To determine the best course of action for your ovarian cyst, call Women’s Healthcare Group today, or schedule an appointment online.